Labor Trafficking

Labor Trafficking

Full Report

Executive Summary

Press Release

Fact Sheet

Study Description

Agenda

Overview

The Little Hoover Commission is reviewing California state government’s role in identifying and combating labor trafficking and assisting victims/survivors of this type of crime.

Human trafficking is a form of modern slavery that involves controlling a person or group through force, fraud, or coercion to exploit the victims for forced labor, sexual exploitation, or both. Human trafficking generates an estimated $150 billion a year in profit globally, more than a third through forced labor.

Legislation in 2005 made human trafficking a felony in California. In the years since, lawmakers have largely focused efforts on targeting sex traffickers, protecting sexually exploited children, and providing services to victims of sex trafficking. Less has been done to combat labor trafficking, which some experts believe is a more prevalent crime.

Labor trafficking can occur in many forms including domestic work, traveling sales crews, or begging rings, and is prevalent in the agriculture, food service, and health/beauty service industries. It may take place in rural or urban settings, alongside or within legitimate businesses, hidden in plain sight, or behind locked doors. However, the state lacks data to say with confidence where and in what form this crime occurs.

With this study, the Commission will review California’s laws and efforts to combat labor trafficking and consider how to effectively identify and fight labor trafficking and assist victims/survivors of the crime.

If you would like more information regarding this study, please contact Tamar Foster at tamar.foster@lhc.ca.gov or at 916-445-2125. To be notified electronically of meetings, events, or when the review is complete, please subscribe to Little Hoover Commission Updates: http://eepurl.com/diLeJ1

 
Previous Studies
(Report #252, October 2020)
 
(Report #251, September 2020)
 
(Report #250, June 2020)
 
 
In the News
Print 
			Agenda
  • May 28
    2020
    Public Hearing on Labor Trafficking
    9:30 a.m.
    Public Hearing
    Agenda

    AGENDA

    Public Hearing on Labor Trafficking

    9:30 a.m.

    Thursday, May 28, 2020

     

    Join Online or By Phone Via Zoom

    Online: https://littlehoover.zoom.us/j/99605804008?pwd=WnBldnlZRXBNY2RId1ZVTFJDd...

    Toll Free Phone: (888) 788-0099

    Webinar ID: 996-0580-4008

    Password: 826167

     

    Public Hearing: 9:30 a.m.

    Detecting Labor Trafficking

    1. Dominic Forrest, Chief of the Labor Enforcement Task Force, Department of Industrial Relations (Written Testimony)

    2. Jessica Fry, Attorney, California Labor Commissioner’s Office, Department of Industrial Relations

    3. Patricia Alatorre, Deputy Labor Commissioner, Retaliation Compliant Investigation Unit, Department of Industrial Relations

     

    Prosecuting Labor Trafficking Cases

    1. Kevin Kish, Director, Department of Fair Employment and Housing (Written Testimony)
    2. Amanda Plisner, Deputy Attorney General and Statewide Human Trafficking Coordinator, Department of Justice (Written Testimony)

     

    Helping Labor Trafficking Victims Access Services

    1. Gina Buccieri-Harrington, Assistant Manager for Grants Management, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services (Written Testimony, Attachment)
    2. Lynda Gledhill, Executive Officer, California Victim Compensation Board (Written Testimony)

     

    Public Comments

              Michael N. Feuer (Written Testimony)

    Watch the Full Hearing: https://bit.ly/3dtjQOK 

    Public Notice

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
    May 18, 2020

    For Additional Information Contact:
    Ethan Rarick, Executive Director
    (916) 445-2125

    Notice of Meetings

     

    On Thursday, May 28, 2020, the Little Hoover Commission will conduct a public hearing beginning at 9:30 a.m. The meeting will be conducted via Zoom, under the provisions of the Bagley-Keene Act as revised by Governor’s Executive Order N-29-20.

     

    Members of the public are encouraged to listen to the hearing by joining online or by phone. Click the URL to join online: https://littlehoover.zoom.us/j/99605804008?pwd=WnBldnlZRXBNY2RId1ZVTFJDdHZBQT09. To join via phone, call toll free from the U.S. by dialing (888) 788-0099. The webinar ID is 996-0580-4008. The password: 826167. We highly recommend members of the public access the meeting through the Zoom app. Please visit the Zoom website at https://support.zoom.us/hc/en-us/articles/201362233-Where-Do-I-Download-The-Latest-Version- for instructions on how to download the Zoom app onto a computer or smartphone.

     

    During the hearing, members of the public may indicate to staff that they wish to make public comment by using the “raise” hand feature in Zoom or sending an email to littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov with your question and the phone number from which you have joined the meeting. As is the Commission’s normal procedure during physical meetings, public comments will be heard at the end of the meeting, following the final agenda item, and will be limited to three minutes each.

     

    Witnesses may be taken out of order to accommodate speakers and to maintain a quorum. The meeting may be cancelled without notice.  

     

    If you need reasonable accommodation due to a disability, please contact the Little Hoover Commission at (916) 445-2125 or littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov by Friday, May 22, 2020.

     

    Please be aware that there may be delays in responding to emails or other communications to the Commission as our staff is now working remotely due to the coronavirus epidemic. We appreciate your patience.

    Video

  • January 30
    2020
    Labor Trafficking Advisory Meeting
    10 a.m., Controller's Conference Room #351, City Hall East, 20
    Advisory Committee Meeting
    Agenda

    Advisory Meeting on Labor Trafficking

    Thursday, January 30, 2020

    Controller's Conference Room, Room 351

    City Hall East

    200 North Main Street

    Los Angeles, CA 90012

     

    Opening Session: 10 a.m.

    Introductory Comments

    • Pedro Nava, Chairman, Little Hoover Commission
    • Mike Feuer, City Attorney, Los Angeles

     

    Discussion: How Can the State of California Enhance Identification of Labor Trafficking?

     

    Discussion: How Can the State of California Improve Its Response to Labor Trafficking Cases?

     

    Lunch Break (noon – 1 pm)

     

    Afternoon Session: 1 p.m.

    Presentation: How Other State Governments Organize to Combat Labor Trafficking

    • Maria Trujillo, Human Trafficking Program Manager, Colorado Human Trafficking Council (Presentation)

     

    Discussion: What Should the State of California Borrow from Other States’ Responses to Trafficking?

     

    Closing Remarks

     

    Public Comments

     

    Public Notice

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
    January 16, 2020

    For Additional Information Contact:
    Ethan Rarick, Executive Director
    (916) 445-2125

    Notice of Meetings

     

    On Thursday, January 30, 2020, the Little Hoover Commission will conduct an advisory meeting on California state government’s role in identifying and combatting labor trafficking and assisting victims/survivors of this type of crime. The meeting will begin at 10 a.m. in the Controller’s Conference Room #351 located in City Hall East at 200 North Main Street in Los Angeles. The hearing will break at approximately noon for lunch, then reconvene at 1 p.m.

     

    Times are approximate and subject to change. Agenda items may be taken out of order to accommodate speakers. The meeting may be cancelled without notice.  

     

    The meeting is open to the public. Members of the public will have the opportunity to comment on any item on the Commission’s meeting agenda.

     

    The Commission welcomes written comments on its study topics at any point during the study; please email written comments to littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov.

     

    If you need reasonable accommodation due to a disability, please contact the Little Hoover Commission at (916) 445-2125 or littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov by Monday, January 20, 2020.

     

    Video

    Morning Session: https://youtu.be/DQOiY08_OAc

    Afternoon Session: https://youtu.be/77OyYqHCTXA

  • November 21
    2019
    Business Meeting
    at approximately 12:30 p.m., San Diego Central Library, San Diego,
    Business Meeting
    Agenda

    AGENDA

    Business Meeting
    Thursday, November 21, 2019
    Commission Room, 9th Floor, San Diego Central Library
    330 Park Blvd., San Diego, CA 

    The Commission will consider agenda items I-V at approximately 12:30 p.m. Members of the public will have an opportunity to make comments about Commission agenda items during the meeting.

    I. Business Meeting Minutes from October 24, 2019

    II. Administrative Update

    III. Project Selection

    a. Update on project schedule

    IV. Implementation and Impact Activity

    V. Reports from the California State Auditor’s Office

  • November 21
    2019
    Public Hearing on Labor Trafficking
    10 a.m.-4:00 p.m., San Diego Central Library, San Diego, CA
    Public Hearing
    Agenda

     

    PDF version of agenda available here (recommended for printing and downloading)

     

    AGENDA

     

    Public Hearing on Labor Trafficking
    Thursday, November 21, 2019
    Shiley Special Events Suite, 9th Floor, San Diego Central Library
    330 Park Blvd., San Diego, CA 

     

    Public Hearing: 10 a.m.

    Introductory Comments

    1. Toni Atkins, President pro Tempore, California Senate

     

    Perspectives from Labor Trafficking Survivors and Service Providers

    2. Angela Guanzon, Survivor Advocate (Written Testimony)

    3. Renuka Zellars, Survivor Advocate

    4. Jamie Beck, President and Managing Attorney, Free to Thrive (Written Testimony)

     

    15 Minute Break

     

    Introduction to Labor Trafficking

    5. Colleen Owens, founder and CEO of THE WHY; former Senior Research Associate, Urban Institute (Written Testimony, Supplement to Written Testimony)

    6. Kathleen Kim, Professor of Law, Loyola Law School (Written Testimony)

     

    Lunch Break

     

    Hearing Reconvenes: 1:30 p.m.

    Lessons from the field: How local governments are combatting Labor Trafficking

    7. Summer Stephan, District Attorney, San Diego County (Written Testimony)

    8. Nancy O’Malley, District Attorney, Alameda County (Written Testimony)

    9. Lynette Gonzales, Deputy District Attorney, Fresno County (Written Testimony)

    10. Anh Truong, Supervising Attorney, Sex & Labor Trafficking Unit, Los Angeles City Attorney’s Office (Written Testimony)

     

    15 Minute Break

     

    Looking Ahead: What is Needed to Strengthen California’s Response to Labor Trafficking?

    11. Kay Buck, Chief Executive Officer, The Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking (Written Testimony, Supplement to Written Testimony)

    12. Jean Bruggeman, Executive Director, The Freedom Network USA (Written Testimony)

     

    Public Comments

     

    The hearing is open to the public, although the Commission requests that those attending register at Eventbrite.com.

    Public Notice

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
    November 7, 2019

    For Additional Information Contact:
    Ethan Rarick, Executive Director
    (916) 445-2125

    Notice of Meetings

     

    On Thursday, November 21, 2019, the Little Hoover Commission will conduct a public hearing on California state government’s role in identifying and combatting labor trafficking and assisting victims/survivors of this type of crime. The hearing will begin at 10 a.m. in the Shiley Special Events Suite located on the 9th floor of the San Diego Central Library at 330 Park Blvd in San Diego. The hearing will break at approximately 12:30 p.m. for lunch and the Commission’s business meeting in the Commission Room on the 9th floor of the San Diego Central Library. It expects to conclude the business meeting at approximately 1:30 p.m., at which time it will reconvene the hearing on labor trafficking in the Shiley Special Events Suite.

    The Commission may act on any item listed on the hearing or business meeting agenda. Times are approximate and subject to change. Agenda items may be taken out of order to accommodate speakers and to maintain a quorum. The meeting may be cancelled without notice.  

    The hearing is open to the public, although the Commission requests that those attending register at Eventbrite.com. Members of the public will have the opportunity to comment on any item on the Commission’s hearing and business meeting agendas.

    The Commission welcomes written comments on its study topics at any point during the study; please email written comments to littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov. The Commission also welcomes written comments on any item on its business meeting agenda; please email business meeting comments by 12 p.m. on November 14, 2019, to littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov.

    If you need reasonable accommodation due to a disability, please contact the Little Hoover Commission at (916) 445-2125 or littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov by Monday, November 18, 2019.

Print 
		Agenda
  • May 28
    2020
    Public Hearing on Labor Trafficking
    9:30 a.m.
    Public Hearing
    Agenda

    AGENDA

    Public Hearing on Labor Trafficking

    9:30 a.m.

    Thursday, May 28, 2020

     

    Join Online or By Phone Via Zoom

    Online: https://littlehoover.zoom.us/j/99605804008?pwd=WnBldnlZRXBNY2RId1ZVTFJDd...

    Toll Free Phone: (888) 788-0099

    Webinar ID: 996-0580-4008

    Password: 826167

     

    Public Hearing: 9:30 a.m.

    Detecting Labor Trafficking

    1. Dominic Forrest, Chief of the Labor Enforcement Task Force, Department of Industrial Relations (Written Testimony)

    2. Jessica Fry, Attorney, California Labor Commissioner’s Office, Department of Industrial Relations

    3. Patricia Alatorre, Deputy Labor Commissioner, Retaliation Compliant Investigation Unit, Department of Industrial Relations

     

    Prosecuting Labor Trafficking Cases

    1. Kevin Kish, Director, Department of Fair Employment and Housing (Written Testimony)
    2. Amanda Plisner, Deputy Attorney General and Statewide Human Trafficking Coordinator, Department of Justice (Written Testimony)

     

    Helping Labor Trafficking Victims Access Services

    1. Gina Buccieri-Harrington, Assistant Manager for Grants Management, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services (Written Testimony, Attachment)
    2. Lynda Gledhill, Executive Officer, California Victim Compensation Board (Written Testimony)

     

    Public Comments

              Michael N. Feuer (Written Testimony)

    Watch the Full Hearing: https://bit.ly/3dtjQOK 

    Public Notice

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
    May 18, 2020

    For Additional Information Contact:
    Ethan Rarick, Executive Director
    (916) 445-2125

    Notice of Meetings

     

    On Thursday, May 28, 2020, the Little Hoover Commission will conduct a public hearing beginning at 9:30 a.m. The meeting will be conducted via Zoom, under the provisions of the Bagley-Keene Act as revised by Governor’s Executive Order N-29-20.

     

    Members of the public are encouraged to listen to the hearing by joining online or by phone. Click the URL to join online: https://littlehoover.zoom.us/j/99605804008?pwd=WnBldnlZRXBNY2RId1ZVTFJDdHZBQT09. To join via phone, call toll free from the U.S. by dialing (888) 788-0099. The webinar ID is 996-0580-4008. The password: 826167. We highly recommend members of the public access the meeting through the Zoom app. Please visit the Zoom website at https://support.zoom.us/hc/en-us/articles/201362233-Where-Do-I-Download-The-Latest-Version- for instructions on how to download the Zoom app onto a computer or smartphone.

     

    During the hearing, members of the public may indicate to staff that they wish to make public comment by using the “raise” hand feature in Zoom or sending an email to littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov with your question and the phone number from which you have joined the meeting. As is the Commission’s normal procedure during physical meetings, public comments will be heard at the end of the meeting, following the final agenda item, and will be limited to three minutes each.

     

    Witnesses may be taken out of order to accommodate speakers and to maintain a quorum. The meeting may be cancelled without notice.  

     

    If you need reasonable accommodation due to a disability, please contact the Little Hoover Commission at (916) 445-2125 or littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov by Friday, May 22, 2020.

     

    Please be aware that there may be delays in responding to emails or other communications to the Commission as our staff is now working remotely due to the coronavirus epidemic. We appreciate your patience.

    Video

  • January 30
    2020
    Labor Trafficking Advisory Meeting
    10 a.m., Controller's Conference Room #351, City Hall East, 20
    Advisory Committee Meeting
    Agenda

    Advisory Meeting on Labor Trafficking

    Thursday, January 30, 2020

    Controller's Conference Room, Room 351

    City Hall East

    200 North Main Street

    Los Angeles, CA 90012

     

    Opening Session: 10 a.m.

    Introductory Comments

    • Pedro Nava, Chairman, Little Hoover Commission
    • Mike Feuer, City Attorney, Los Angeles

     

    Discussion: How Can the State of California Enhance Identification of Labor Trafficking?

     

    Discussion: How Can the State of California Improve Its Response to Labor Trafficking Cases?

     

    Lunch Break (noon – 1 pm)

     

    Afternoon Session: 1 p.m.

    Presentation: How Other State Governments Organize to Combat Labor Trafficking

    • Maria Trujillo, Human Trafficking Program Manager, Colorado Human Trafficking Council (Presentation)

     

    Discussion: What Should the State of California Borrow from Other States’ Responses to Trafficking?

     

    Closing Remarks

     

    Public Comments

     

    Public Notice

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
    January 16, 2020

    For Additional Information Contact:
    Ethan Rarick, Executive Director
    (916) 445-2125

    Notice of Meetings

     

    On Thursday, January 30, 2020, the Little Hoover Commission will conduct an advisory meeting on California state government’s role in identifying and combatting labor trafficking and assisting victims/survivors of this type of crime. The meeting will begin at 10 a.m. in the Controller’s Conference Room #351 located in City Hall East at 200 North Main Street in Los Angeles. The hearing will break at approximately noon for lunch, then reconvene at 1 p.m.

     

    Times are approximate and subject to change. Agenda items may be taken out of order to accommodate speakers. The meeting may be cancelled without notice.  

     

    The meeting is open to the public. Members of the public will have the opportunity to comment on any item on the Commission’s meeting agenda.

     

    The Commission welcomes written comments on its study topics at any point during the study; please email written comments to littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov.

     

    If you need reasonable accommodation due to a disability, please contact the Little Hoover Commission at (916) 445-2125 or littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov by Monday, January 20, 2020.

     

    Video

    Morning Session: https://youtu.be/DQOiY08_OAc

    Afternoon Session: https://youtu.be/77OyYqHCTXA

  • November 21
    2019
    Business Meeting
    at approximately 12:30 p.m., San Diego Central Library, San Diego,
    Business Meeting
    Agenda

    AGENDA

    Business Meeting
    Thursday, November 21, 2019
    Commission Room, 9th Floor, San Diego Central Library
    330 Park Blvd., San Diego, CA 

    The Commission will consider agenda items I-V at approximately 12:30 p.m. Members of the public will have an opportunity to make comments about Commission agenda items during the meeting.

    I. Business Meeting Minutes from October 24, 2019

    II. Administrative Update

    III. Project Selection

    a. Update on project schedule

    IV. Implementation and Impact Activity

    V. Reports from the California State Auditor’s Office

  • November 21
    2019
    Public Hearing on Labor Trafficking
    10 a.m.-4:00 p.m., San Diego Central Library, San Diego, CA
    Public Hearing
    Agenda

     

    PDF version of agenda available here (recommended for printing and downloading)

     

    AGENDA

     

    Public Hearing on Labor Trafficking
    Thursday, November 21, 2019
    Shiley Special Events Suite, 9th Floor, San Diego Central Library
    330 Park Blvd., San Diego, CA 

     

    Public Hearing: 10 a.m.

    Introductory Comments

    1. Toni Atkins, President pro Tempore, California Senate

     

    Perspectives from Labor Trafficking Survivors and Service Providers

    2. Angela Guanzon, Survivor Advocate (Written Testimony)

    3. Renuka Zellars, Survivor Advocate

    4. Jamie Beck, President and Managing Attorney, Free to Thrive (Written Testimony)

     

    15 Minute Break

     

    Introduction to Labor Trafficking

    5. Colleen Owens, founder and CEO of THE WHY; former Senior Research Associate, Urban Institute (Written Testimony, Supplement to Written Testimony)

    6. Kathleen Kim, Professor of Law, Loyola Law School (Written Testimony)

     

    Lunch Break

     

    Hearing Reconvenes: 1:30 p.m.

    Lessons from the field: How local governments are combatting Labor Trafficking

    7. Summer Stephan, District Attorney, San Diego County (Written Testimony)

    8. Nancy O’Malley, District Attorney, Alameda County (Written Testimony)

    9. Lynette Gonzales, Deputy District Attorney, Fresno County (Written Testimony)

    10. Anh Truong, Supervising Attorney, Sex & Labor Trafficking Unit, Los Angeles City Attorney’s Office (Written Testimony)

     

    15 Minute Break

     

    Looking Ahead: What is Needed to Strengthen California’s Response to Labor Trafficking?

    11. Kay Buck, Chief Executive Officer, The Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking (Written Testimony, Supplement to Written Testimony)

    12. Jean Bruggeman, Executive Director, The Freedom Network USA (Written Testimony)

     

    Public Comments

     

    The hearing is open to the public, although the Commission requests that those attending register at Eventbrite.com.

    Public Notice

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
    November 7, 2019

    For Additional Information Contact:
    Ethan Rarick, Executive Director
    (916) 445-2125

    Notice of Meetings

     

    On Thursday, November 21, 2019, the Little Hoover Commission will conduct a public hearing on California state government’s role in identifying and combatting labor trafficking and assisting victims/survivors of this type of crime. The hearing will begin at 10 a.m. in the Shiley Special Events Suite located on the 9th floor of the San Diego Central Library at 330 Park Blvd in San Diego. The hearing will break at approximately 12:30 p.m. for lunch and the Commission’s business meeting in the Commission Room on the 9th floor of the San Diego Central Library. It expects to conclude the business meeting at approximately 1:30 p.m., at which time it will reconvene the hearing on labor trafficking in the Shiley Special Events Suite.

    The Commission may act on any item listed on the hearing or business meeting agenda. Times are approximate and subject to change. Agenda items may be taken out of order to accommodate speakers and to maintain a quorum. The meeting may be cancelled without notice.  

    The hearing is open to the public, although the Commission requests that those attending register at Eventbrite.com. Members of the public will have the opportunity to comment on any item on the Commission’s hearing and business meeting agendas.

    The Commission welcomes written comments on its study topics at any point during the study; please email written comments to littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov. The Commission also welcomes written comments on any item on its business meeting agenda; please email business meeting comments by 12 p.m. on November 14, 2019, to littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov.

    If you need reasonable accommodation due to a disability, please contact the Little Hoover Commission at (916) 445-2125 or littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov by Monday, November 18, 2019.